September 16, 2005

Pomology - Part I

   click for more pictures



New Orleans

This week KnowledgeFarm continues to offer links about the anatomy of the Gulf Coast and Katrina.

AAAS - American Association for the Advancement of Science
"As an aid to policy makers, scientists, and the general public, Science has made a selection of past articles free to all visitors via a special web page. To learn about the scientific, social, and political background of the disaster, the aftermath, climate change, coastal disaster planning, wetlands and floodplain issues, and to find out about volunteering..."
please go to the following web link: .

    September 15, 2005
    Science Magazine
Web Link - visit the Science special web page

About oil and Arctic drilling

Former President Jimmy Carter offer his view...
"Congress is about to make one of those big decisions that marks an era. Unless wiser heads prevail, it may do it badly -- making the wrong decision in the wrong way and about the wrong place. At stake is America's greatest wildlife sanctuary, the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. To dissuade Congress from this environmental tragedy, Americans must rally, and quickly."

    by Jimmy Carter
    September 13, 2005
    The Washington Post
Web Link - read the article


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Pomological Watercolor Collection

"Pomology, the science of fruit breeding and production, has been an important area of research since the early years of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). During the mid-1800s, farmers were expanding fruit orchard programs in response to growing markets. At the same time, horticulturists from the USDA and agricultural colleges were bringing new varieties to the United States from foreign expeditions, and developing experimental tracts for these fruits. In response to this increased interest and activity, USDA established the Division of Pomology in 1886 and named Henry E. Van Deman as chief pomologist. An important focus of the division was to publish illustrated accounts of new varieties and to disseminate research findings to fruit growers and breeders through special publications and annual reports.

"The introduction of new varieties required exacting representations of the fruit so that plant breeders could accurately document and disseminate their research results. Since the use of scientific photography was not widespread in the late 19th Century, USDA commissioned artists to create watercolor illustrations of newly introduced cultivars (more information on the artists). Many of the watercolors were used for lithographic reproductions in USDA publications, such as the Report of the Pomologist and the Yearbook of Agriculture.

"Today, the collection of approximately 7,700 watercolors is preserved in NAL's Special Collections, where it serves as a major historic and botanic resource to a variety of researchers, including horticulturists, historians, artists, and publishers. Selected images from the collection are also on permanent exhibition on the first floor of the library.

"The exhibit presented here consists of approximately 175 images of fruit watercolors. All of the fruit varieties featured in the exhibit were introduced and described in the Report of the Pomologist between 1886 and 1900. The actual watercolors of the varieties may not have been completed until sometime after the report publication. The exhibit selections are arranged under the common fruit names listed below. To see the selections organized by USDA artist, go to the artists' page."

quotes and illustrations from the Special Collections of the National Agricultural Library
Web Link - NAL Pomological Watercolor Collection

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George Beggs 9/2005 - Feedback is welcome

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