"It is certainly the most important of all the cereals. For this reason men of science have
explored its caryopsis in the deepest and most intimate of details: they know every little
secret and they have analyzed each and every cell."
"For millers, the caryopsis is a small masterpiece of nature made up of external layers and
an internal kernel.
The layers and the kernel are shown in the drawing with their proper names."
"The external layers and the internal kernel of the grain have their own specific chemical and
morphological characteristics. In the external layers of the caryopsis, the chemical
characteristics are given by the concentration of cellulose (fibre), minerals, and protein.
In the internal kernel, the presence of starches is dominant."
"There is a third, distinct part of the caryopsis, the "germ". It is the embryo destined to
create a new plant (let's not forget that the caryopsis of the wheat is a seed ...)."
"The wheat germ is, from a chemical and nutritional standpoint, an absolute masterpiece.
Unfortunately, however, it is rich in fats that can easily go rancid. For this reason,
during milling, it must be removed from each grain so that its fats are not lost in the
flour (or in the semolina) making preservation precarious."
"The "strategic" objective of modern wheat milling (for both soft and durum wheat) is the
internal kernel of the grain, a concentration of starches that, in addition to another basic
chemical component, protein, make up the nutritional (and technological) nucleus of the wheat
and the products obtained from milling wheat."